The word agriculture comes from the Latin words ager, means the soil & cultura, means cultivation. Agriculture can be defined as the cultivation and/or production of crop plants or livestock products. Agriculture includes Crop Production, Agriculture Chemistry & Soil Science, Agriculture Engineering, and Extension Education. Agriculture is the backbone of our Indian Economy. Agriculture is the most important human economic activity.
Haryana is primarily an agricultural state. About 70% of residents are engaged in agriculture. Haryana is self-sufficient in food production and the second largest contributor to India's central pool of food grains. The main crops of Haryana are Wheat, Rice, Sugarcane, Cotton, Oilseeds, Gram Barley, Corn, Millet etc.
The Department of Agriculture & Farmer's Welfare is concerned with the developments regarding agricultural activities and looks after the welfare of the farmers of Haryana. The head office is situated at Panchkula.
The Department of Agriculture & Farmer's Welfare is divided into various branches and divisions which are Soil Conservation Branch, Plant Protection Branch, Quality Control Branch, Planning Branch, Engineering Branch, Ground Water Cell, Seed Section, Sugarcane Division, Statistics Branch, World Bank Branch, IT Cell, ATMA, RKVY, NFSM, etc.